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about tunisia

To many people, Tunisia presents itself as an excellent example of a Mediterranean country that is also part of the Arab and African world due to the dynamism of its society. It is also a country that marvelously combines tradition and modernity. Finally Tunisia is a country which succeeds in combining its own indefinable charm with other, European-like qualities.

Home of the ancient city of Carthage, Tunisia was once an important player in the Mediterranean, placed as it is in the centre of North Africa, close to vital shipping routes.

In their time, the Romans, Arabs, Ottoman Turks and French realised its strategic significance, making it a hub for control over the region.

It may be but a slim wedge of North Africa’s vast horizontal expanse, but Tunisia has enough history and diverse natural beauty to pack a country many times its size. With a balmy, sand-fringed Mediterranean coast, scented with jasmine and sea breezes, and where the fish on your plate is always fresh, Tunisia is prime territory for a straightforward sun-sand-and-sea holiday. But beyond the beaches, it’s a thrilling, underrated destination where distinct cultures and incredible extremes of landscape can be explored in just a few days.

Tunis is refashioning itself as an ambitiously modern Arab capital, though both its long Ottoman and not-so-distant colonial past still have a powerful, palpable presence. In the north, lakes teem with pink flamingos, surprising deep-green forests rise up from the coast, and gently rolling plains are dotted with olive and citrus trees. To the south, the ever-enchanting sands of the Sahara stretch deep into Africa and the traditions of the indigenous Berbers persevere.

Tunisia is located at the junction of the eastern and western basins of the Mediterranean, just where the Straits of Sicily separate it by 140 kilometers from Europe. This geographic position that made Tunisia a crossroads of civilizations throughout history, makes it today a platform for investment as well as for production and trade. 

Tunisia is more prosperous than its neighbours and has strong trade links with Europe. 

Flight time
Tunis– Rome1 hour
Tunis–Barcelona1 hour and 50 minutes
Tunis– Madrid2 hours and 15 minutes
Tunis– Paris2 hours and 20 minutes
Tunis– Frankfurt2 hours and 30 minutes
Tunis– Brussels2 hours and 40 minutes
Tunis– London2 hours and 50 minutes
Tunis– Cairo3 hours and 5 minutes
Tunis– Jeddah4 hours and  20 minutes
Tunis– Copenhagen3 hours and 30 minutes

 Geographical data
Land surface162,155 km2
SituationNorth Africa, 140 km from Italy
1,300 km of coastline along the Mediterranean
ClimateMediterranean, 11.4°C in winter and 29.3°C in summer
Time zoneGMT + 1
CapitalTunis (2.5 millions inhabitants)
Main citiesTunis, Sfax, Sousse, Bizerte, Kairouan, Gabes

Common languagesFrench, English, Italian

Population (2012)10.8 million inhabitants
Growth rate1.29%
Population living in cities66.2%
Working population47.8% of the population at large
Literacy rate82.8%
Life expectancy74.9 year
GDP/inhabitant6,680 TND

Administrative organization24 governorates subdivided into delegations

Tunisian Dinar (TND)1 TND = 1,000 millimes
Exchange rate2013 average
1 TND = 0.597 USD
1 TND = 0.441 Euro
1 TND = 61.514 JPY